For a long time, Ukrainian embroidery has been associated with the most vivid and contrasting colors - red with the addition of blue, blue, black or even green. Among the universal diversity, Borschev's embroidery stands out in a special way, which has a special type of decoration and memorable colors. As a rule, such shirts were embroidered mainly in dark colors, and the main feature was thickly and tightly sewn from the cuffs to the set point of the sleeve. Consider the key features of this clothing.
Legends and features Borschevskaya embroidery
The main feature is the black color of thread, which the ancient needlewomen paid tribute to the earth. Another legend says that the use of black threads is closely connected with the sad events of the 17th century, which unfolded in the Ternopil region. At that time, Borschevskie villages were subjected to regular raids by the Mongol-Tatars, in connection with which, most of the male population was killed.
Ternopil lands were weeping and as a mourning mark, women swore to wear shirts embroidered with black threads for seven generations. Since then, even wedding and holiday dresses were made using black. According to the calculations of historians, the seventh generation became obsolete in the 30s, therefore, in the 20th century, not only mourning but also bright colors appeared on the Borshevsky embroidered shirts.
Since then, the type of patterns has also changed - light floral motifs appeared, which replaced the pedantic and strict geometric patterns, which had sharp corners and genus symbols and various amulets were laid as meanings. A constant feature is the increased density in the placement of the ornaments, which almost completely cover the front part and the sleeves of the shirt.
Basic embroidery techniques
In addition to colors, today the seam is a distinctive feature of the Borshchivian embroidered shirts. The shirts were embroidered with thick threads of wool, which were twisted in a spiral. In fact, the actual techniques for embroidery such shirts are great. The most popular options are:
- cross (with underlay and without);
- curly stitch;
- sewing, etc.
In some models masters added beads. There are samples where five different types of stitches can be combined at once. In this case, the twisted seam is considered the most common and characteristic for Borschiv shirts. This embroidery technique resembles a seam called “knots”. The difference lies in the fact that a large number of turns are wound on the needle and due to this a rather long stitch is obtained. Among the people, this type of seam was called "curly", twisted "or" twisted. At the same time in the modern world, it has the name "Rococo". With the help of such a seam it was possible to embroider a variety of patterns on any fabrics.
Today, you can buy Borschevskaya embroidery in the online store, and in ancient times craftswomen spent a lot of time on making each individual shirt. The laborious process of embroidery only one sleeve could take several months of daily work, so the finished shirt was obtained only after 2-3 years of hard work.